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Welcome to the Future: Robots in Long-term Care

The name Helen didn’t really work. Neither did other typical names, such as David or Susan. But Giggles just seemed the perfect fit to Jim Mann. He is a patient partner — diagnosed with early-onset Alzheimer’s 15 years ago — and study co-lead for a new project looking at how robots can be used to reduce social isolation in long-term care (LTC). Jim grins as he says, “The robot will really bring happiness and the opportunity to laugh or smile, so what better way to illustrate than to be able to say, ‘Here comes Giggles!’”

Giggles is one of 10 robots that are part of a new project to support virtual family visits, led by CHÉOS Research Associate Dr. Lillian Hung. Dr. Hung is the founder and head of IDEA Lab (Innovation in Dementia and Aging), assistant professor at the UBC School of Nursing, and a clinical nurse specialist at Vancouver Coastal Health.

“During the pandemic, there was a huge demand for virtual care. But through conversations with patient and family partners, we learned that it was very difficult to book those virtual care meetings,” explains Dr. Hung. “The biggest problem is staffing. You need them to help facilitate virtual visits using iPads.”

On top of that, most residents are not able to hold an iPad themselves, not all staff are comfortable with technology, and there can be frustration on all sides when there are connectivity issues. So, after several years working on the iPad Project, Dr. Hung and her team wanted to take it one step further and come up with a more self-sufficient way for residents to easily connect with their families. (iPad Project resources are available here.)

Technology can help make connections more easily

That’s where Giggles comes in. Jim has been able to test drive Giggles with residents at Minoru Residence in Richmond. “I was here in Surrey, and I was able to virtually maneuver the robot in Richmond,” says Jim. “It was phenomenal to think that is possible, and it was especially wonderful to see the reaction of some of the residents. They interacted with me as if I were there in person.”

The so-called telepresence robot just needs to be close to the resident, with no staff intervention necessary. Dr. Hung explains, “The resident doesn’t have to do anything. The face of the family member comes on and they start to talk. The family will easily be able to adjust the robot remotely, moving it up and down, or even driving it around the room.”

Charlie Lake, a UBC biomedical engineering student on the study team, is helping with robot technical support. He adds, “It’s very smart about how it drives around. If you try to drive it into the wall, or something else, it will come to a halt.”

Advances in care for people living with dementia

Jim has been an advocate for people living with dementia since long before his own diagnosis. He cared for his mother through her Alzheimer’s diagnosis. When she was in long-term care, he says it became quite clear there was a lot of stigma. As well, there was a lack of education on how to interact with people living with dementia. He recalls witnessing a staff member mocking a resident who was disoriented and couldn’t find her way back to her room, as one example.

Recently, the retired marketing and communications professional was in the audience for a panel discussion on long-term care. “I stood up and shared that my mother passed away in 2007, and here we are years later and we are still talking about some of the issues that were evident when she was in long-term care.”

Jim Mann and Charlie Lake are excited about the use of robot technology in LTC
Jim Mann and Charlie Lake are excited about the use of robot technology in LTC

That’s why he devotes much of his free time contributing his knowledge and lived experience to projects such as this one. The 73-year-old is especially excited about how technology can have such a positive impact. “It means we are treating residents and patients as individual people, and giving them agency to be able to roll up to mom or dad, or a brother or sister, and say ‘Hi! Now I can see what you are having for lunch, so let’s talk over lunch’,” explains Jim. “That interaction would be so comfortable and familiar, and so much more than what you would get from having to hold an iPad, or talking on the phone.”

Dr. Hung echoes this sentiment. The robot technology is simple to use. Even residents who don’t have cell phones have been able to engage virtually in a meaningful way. She shared the story of an older person with dementia who was able to visit with his brother. “It was so easy and the resident didn’t have to do anything. He just sat in front of the robot and his brother popped up. You should have seen his face — big eyes, huge smile. That quality of life is priceless.”

Read the full article here on The Daily Scan | Welcome to the Future: Robots in Long-term Care